Red flags

Consider immediate referral/liaison with specialist if

  • Clinical suspicion of Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA)
  • Significant proteinuria/renal impairment
  • Pulmonary symptoms/abdominal pain/severe rash
  • Systemically unwell

Consider routine referral for

  • Other vasculitis

For example:

  • Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA)/Temporal arteritis
  • Polyarteritis Nodosa
  • Takayasu’s Arteritis
  • ANCA related vasculitis
    • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener’s granulomatosis)
    • Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA/PAN)
    • Churg-Strauss syndrome

Other important information for referring practitioners

Lifestyle changes

  • Dietary changes and move towards healthy BMI
  • Alcohol reduction and smoking cessation
  • Keep active (NHMRC: moderate intensity activity for 2.5-5h/week)

Medical management

  • Consider drug-induced conditions and cessation of possible causes

Referral requirements

A referral may be rejected without the following information.

History and examination

  • Time since onset of skin/joint/respiratory/sinus/other symptoms
  • Extent of skin/joint/respiratory/sinus/other symptoms
  • BP


  • FBC
  • E/LFT
  • CK
  • p & c ANCA
  • Rh F/anti CCP/ANA
  • dsDNA/ENA/C3/C4
  • MSU

Additional referral information (useful for processing the referral)

  • Early skin biopsy if possible vasculitic rash
  • Echocardiogram/blood cultures if murmur

Out of catchment

Metro North Health is responsible for providing public health services to the people who reside within its boundaries. Special consideration is made for patients requiring tertiary care or services that are not provided by their local Hospital and Health Service. If your patient lives outside the Metro North Health area and you wish to refer them to one of our services, inclusion of information regarding their particular medical and social factors will assist with the triaging of your referral.

  • Impact on employment
  • Impact on education
  • Impact on home
  • Impact on activities of daily living
  • Impact on ability to care for others
  • Impact on personal frailty or safety
  • Identifies as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
  • To establish a diagnosis
  • For treatment or intervention
  • For advice and management
  • For specialist to take over management
  • Reassurance for GP/second opinion
  • For a specified test/investigation the GP can’t order, or the patient can’t afford or access
  • Reassurance for the patient/family
  • For other reason (e.g. rapidly accelerating disease progression)
  • Clinical judgement indicates a referral for specialist review is necessary
  • Presenting symptoms (evolution and duration)
  • Physical findings
  • Details of previous treatment (including systemic and topical medications prescribed) including the course and outcome of the treatment
  • Body mass index (BMI)
  • Details of any associated medical conditions which may affect the condition or its treatment (e.g. diabetes), noting these must be stable and controlled prior to referral
  • Current medications and dosages
  • Drug allergies
  • Alcohol, tobacco and other drugs use
  • Full name (including aliases)
  • Date of birth
  • Residential and postal address
  • Telephone contact number/s – home, mobile and alternative
  • Medicare number (where eligible)
  • Name of the parent or caregiver (if appropriate)
  • Preferred language and interpreter requirements
  • Identifies as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander
  • Full name
  • Full address
  • Contact details – telephone, fax, email
  • Provider number
  • Date of referral
  • Signature
  • Willingness to have surgery (where surgery is a likely intervention)
  • Choice to be treated as a public or private patient
  • Compensable status (e.g. DVA, Work Cover, Motor Vehicle Insurance, etc.)
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